2. Research Association

Rwanda Ambassador Murigande Explains Progress Made in 20 Years after the Genocide



 Mr. Charles Murigande, Ambassador of the Republic of Rwanda spoke at a seminar organized by the Japan Academic Association for International Peace Building held at Hosei University on September 27, 2014. In presenting his speech entitled “Rwanda 20 Years after the genocide”, Ambassador Murigande emphasized that Rwanda had been able to build one of the most stable and safest countries in Sub-Sahara Africa.

 During the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, up to one million people were killed and as many as 50,000 women were raped, leaving the whole nation traumatized. After the tragedy, Rwanda has been making the greatest effort to rebuild the country with the ultimate aim of all Rwandans once again living side by side in peace. Rwanda was once destroyed completely and fallen apart, but with all the efforts made by the Government of Rwanda and many countries including Japan, Rwanda once again regained sovereignty, peace and stability. Twenty years of transformation of Rwanda enabled significant economic and social progress. Nowadays Rwanda is regarded as one of the most stable and safest countries in Sub-Sahara Africa. There are many things we can learn from the 20 years after the genocide in Rwanda today.

 Following Ambassador Murigande’s presentation, almost all of seventeen participants joined in active discussion of such issues as the role of media during the 1994 genocide, reconciliation between Tutsi and Hutu after the genocide, retributive vs. restorative justice, truth telling and the Gacaca court system, the role of UN and the international community, return of and non-returning refugees, reconstruction and transformation of the Rwanda society. Ambassador Yoshitaka Hanada explained the post-conflict developments of Rwanda and Timor-Leste where he had just served for nearly three years. Professor Sukehiro Hasegawa synthesized some of the key issues discussed.

 The seminar program and a list of participants are as follows. 

(Mina Honda)

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Japan Academic Association for International Peace Building 9th Seminar

[Date]
 Saturday, 27 September 2014, 15:00-17:00

[Venue]
 Boissonade Tower Room 606, Ichigaya Campus, Hosei University

[Theme]
 Rwanda 20 Years after the genocide

[Speaker]
 His Excellency Mr. Charles Murigande
   –Ambassador Plenipotentiary and Extraordinary of the Republic of Rwanda

[Moderator]
 Professor Sukehiro Hasegawa

[Language]
 English only

[Programme]
 15:00  Opening remarks by Professor Katsumi Ishizuka, Kyoei University
 15:05  Introduction of the ambassador
 15:10  Presentation by Ambassador Charles Murigande
        “Rwanda – 20 years after the genocide”
 15:50  Comments by a panel of commentators to be decided (5 minutes each)
 16:15  Open discussion
 16:50  Concluding remarks by the moderator
 16:55  Presentation of a gift
 17:00  End of the seminar

[Guest Speaker]
 Ambassador Murigande was born in Butare, Rwanda on August 15, 1958.
  –PhD in Mathematics from University of Namur, Belgium.
  –Adviser to the President on Foreign Affairs (September 1994 to August 1995)
  –Minister of Transport and Communications (September 1995 to March 1997)
  –Rector of the National University of Rwanda (April 1997 to May 1998)
  –Elected Secretary General of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) on February 15, 1998 and was reelected on December 23, 2002.
  –Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation (November 2002 – March 2008)
  –Minister of Cabinet Affairs (March 2008 – July 2008)
  –Minister of Education (July, 2008 – May, 2011)
  –Ambassador to Japan (May 6, 2011), Concurrently ambassador to Australia, New Zealand, The Philippines and Thailand

 During his short academic life, Murigande has published several papers in international peer-reviewed Scientific Journals.

[Commentators (alphabetical order)]
  1.  Associate Professor Miki Honda, Waseda University
  2.  Professor Satoru Kurosawa, Kyoritsu Women’s University, Former Deputy Director-General in charge of Peacebuilding, Public Policy Department of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Former Resident Representative of JICA Balkan Office
  3.  Professor Takayuki Mizuno, Kanda University of International Studies. Former editorial writer and correspondent of the Asahi Shimbun based in Hanoi, Washington D.C. and New York.
  4.  Mr. Yoshinobu Nagamine, International Peace Cooperation Headquarters Secretariat, Former Head of ICRC Tokyo Office
  5.  Professor Masako Yonekawa, Rikkyo University, Former Head of UNHCR Office in Goma, the Democratic Republic of the Congo

[Participants (Japanese syllabary order)]
  1. Amano Fujiko (MOFA) –天野富士子 (外務省国際経済課)
  2. Hanada Yoshitaka –花田吉隆 (前 駐東ティモール大使)
  3. Hasegawa Sukehiro (Hosei/UNU) –長谷川祐弘 (法政・国連大学)
  4. Higashiyama Shintaro (Tokyo University of Foreign Studies) –東山慎太郎 (東京外国語大学大学院)
  5. Honda Miki (Waseda University) –本多美樹 (早稲田大学准教授)
  6. Honda Mina (Keio University) –本田美奈 (慶應義塾大学)
  7. Ishizuka Katsumi (Kyoei University) –石塚勝美 (共栄大学教授)
  8. Kumagai Naoko (International Univ.) –熊谷奈緒子 (国際大学講師)
  9. Kurosawa Satoru (Kyoritsu Women’s University) –黒澤啓 (共立女子大学教授)
 10. Mizuno Takaaki (Kanda University of International Studies) –水野孝昭 (神田外語大学教授)
 11. Nagamine Yoshinobu (IPC Headquarters, Cabinet Office) –長嶺義宣 (国際平和協力本部事務局)
 12. Nakata Takanobu (Kyoei University) –中田孝信 (共栄大学)
 13. Nemoto Kaoru (Director, UNIC Tokyo) –根本かおる (国連広報センター所長)
 14. Okada Emi (University of Tokyo) –岡田絵美 (東京大学大学院)
 15. Pratt Jason (Afghanistan Embassy) –ジェイソン・プラット (アフガニスタン大使館)
 16. Tanaka Shiho (Rikkyo University) –田中志歩 (立教大学)
 17. Yonekawa Masako (Rikkyo University) –米川正子 (立教大学特任准教授)

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