On 29 June 2011, the last day of Global Governance class, Professor Hasegawa delivered a lecture on the “Global Environmental Governance”. The lecture was divided into 5 parts: the definition of global environmental governance. global conferences, institutional mechanisms, climate change, the requirements for effective global environmental governance. In part1, 2, 3, he explained a number of conferences and the reasons for establishing institutions such as UNEP and UNFCCC. Moreover, he introduced Kyoto Protocol that aimed at reducing the emissions of green-gas materials in detail. In addition, he explained the key role of the USA and China as well as the need for renewed international commitment to sustainable development. In final part, professor Hasegawa concluded lecture with a brief identification of 5 challenging factors for effective environmental management: population growth, justice and equity, technological improvement and need for change in life-style. (Jieun Park)
On July 6, 2011, Dr. Vesselin Popovski, Senior Academic Officer United Nations University, Tokyo delivered a lecture, “Justice and Global Governance”. He explained Nuremburg/Tokyo Achievements in detail. This achievement mainly means that individuals become subject of International Law. And there are differences between ICC and hoc ICTs and also ICC and ICJ. After giving account of differences, he introduced the ICC prospects. At final part of his nice lecture, he mentioned that Justice creates short-term tension, but brings long-term peace.
On 29 June 2011, Professor Hasegawa lectured on the “Social Constructivism” and “Justice and Democracy for Global Governance”.
Before he introduced Constructivism, he explained the four theories on international relations: classical realism, structural realism, classical liberalism and neo-liberalism. Constructivism is based on recognition of the important as well as universals and universal factors. The universal factors are Principles (which is universal), Values (which depends on your society or environment), Beliefs, Norms, Laws and Standards. According to the US Declaration of Independence, Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness are certain UNALIENABLE Rights.
Professor Hasegawa also introduced the three theories of the justice for global governance: utilitarianism, libertarianism and the theory of justice. The “justice as fairness” is the most influential element in the theory of justice which is proposed by John Rawls. According to the “Perpetual Peace” by Immanuel Kant, if national sovereignty were left to the people rather than kings, there would be no war.
In a Lecture given on June 22, Professor. Hasegawa explained various“Theoretical Approaches on Global Governance of a Globalizing Economy”. He had five points in the lecture. First he explained classical liberal economic theory. Second he highlighted key aspects of the post WW 1 economic theory. These are neo-liberal economic theory and its triumph following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Third he noted the significance of the Washington consensus which has ten contents. Forth he explained neo-Marxist view of the root causes of the current economic and financial problems. Finally he pointed out the prospect for better global economic governance with contrasting roles that can be played by G20 and United Nation. (Sayuri Maruyama)
On June 15, Mr. Kazushige Taniguchi, the Special Representative of the World Bank in Japan gave a lecture.
At first, he explained that developing countries including India and China are now contributing to more than half of the global economic growth. This is the new international order different from the times which developed countries such as the G7 led the world economy. While the economic development of developing countries is remarkable, it is also true that there are more than 1 billion people who have no access to electricity. In addition, he stated that millions of children die every year before age 5. One of the major causes is diarrhea that results in dehydration. Therefore, safe water is effective to reduce the child mortality. This means water and electricity can help. And he explained even if it seems to be a problem of one sector (health), there are many cases which need policy interventions of other sectors (infrastructure, energy). He told charitable works are noble but they alone are not able to reach the sustainable solution. About Japan, he cautioned that Japanese population would be decreasing to 48 million by the end of the 21st century.
On the economic side, since the collapse of the bubble, there has been a continued increase in the budget while decrease of tax revenues, resulting in the rapid expansion of burden on the future generations. Such a combination would generate a special challenge for the future of Japan. (Mai Kato)
On June 8, 2011, Mr. Yasuaki Aihara, Deputy Director of Secretariat of the International Peace Cooperation Headquarters, Cabinet Office, delivered a lecture, “UNPKO and Japan’s International Peace Cooperation”.
On May 25th, Professor Tomonori Yoshizaki, the National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS), gave a lecture titled “Global Security and Conflict Resolution” for Global Governance Course as a guest speaker.
In his second lecture on global governance, Professor Hasegawa explained the significance of several theories on how nation states had pursued their national security and interest in an anarchic international society. Following identification of realism, liberalism, post-communism, constructivism and functionalism, Professor noted the main themes of realism and liberalism in today`s lecture.
On May 11, Professor Hasegawa conducted the first class on global governance. He first explained how the class would be conducted and grades given. He then gave his first lecture on concepts and theories of global governance. He also presented new global issues that required new new approaches and paradigms to understand them and find solutions to the newly emerging global problems. Peaceful use of nuclear energy did not received as much attention in 1996 when the Chernobyl nuclear plant exploded as it is now receiving with the explosion of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear power plants.