The Independent Commission created by the Myanmar government presented its report on January 20 indicating that Myanmar security forces committed serious human rights violations or disproportionate use of force during the internal armed conflict in August-September 2017 in northern Rakhine State which led to mass displacement of Rohingya Muslims but that they did not commit genocide against the ethnic minority.
Lisa REEFKE, Senior Political Affairs Officer, United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) made a presentation at a seminar participated by 15 scholars and practitioners at JICA Ichigaya Global Plaza in Tokyo.
Senior Vice Rector Taikan OKI and Advisor of Alexandria Library Professor Kazuo TAKAHASHI chaired the last session of the Committee on Environment held at the No.5 Conference Room of the Diet Members` First Building on January 16, 2020.
Here is a consolidated summary report of the Tokyo Peacebuilding Forum with photos of the participants from not only Japan but also China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Kosovo Lebanon, the United States and other countries. Please click here for a consolidated report with photos of the participants.
The following summary record of remarks made by the participants of the meeting was prepared by the GPAJ staff and attributed only to the speakers whose names are identified.
At a seminar held at the University of the Sacred Heart in Tokyo, IOM Representative reiterated the conditions that Rohingya refugees demand to be met prior to return to Myanmar: (1) safety and security; (2) pathway to citizenship, and (3) enjoyment of basic rights, including education, work, and religious worship.
The moderator of the thematic session on the “Possibility for Constitutional Reform of the United Nations Charter,” Professor Takahiro SHINYO, Former Ambassador to the United Nations and Germany explained that the session was convened to examine the possibility for a fundamental reform of the UN. He then introduced the two presenters, Dr. S.M. SHAREI, Executive Director of the Center for United Nations Constitutional Research, Brussels, and Professor ZHANG Guihong, Director, Center for UN Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai. The moderator informed the participants that Dr. Vesselin POPOVSKI, Professor and Vice Dean, Jindal Global Law School, O.P. Jindal Global University, Haryana, India and Professor Sukehiro HASEGAWA, Executive Director for Academic Exchange, UN Association of Japan will comment on the presentations. Ms. Amishi AGRAWAL, University of Tokyo, acted as a rapporteur.
Following the presentations by German Ambassador Lina Lepel on peacebuilding and French Ambassador Laurent PIC on peacekeeping operations, Professor SHINYO mentioned the need to establish the missing link between peacekeeping and peacebuilding operations and noted the importance of peacemaking during the cycle of conflict prevention, peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding.
Ambassador of France to Japan, H.E. Mr. Laurent PIC said that French contributions to UN peacekeeping operations (PKOs) reflects France`s strong commitment to the peaceful resolution of conflicts. The Department of Peace Operations headed by a senior French official, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, was carrying out vital peacekeeping activities. With threats to peace in the world proliferating and crises growing increasingly complex, France provided the UN with several hundred troops that were deployed on the ground in several peacekeeping operations.
The session, organized by Professor Inomata and moderated by Professor Yamazaki, examined UN public policy and roles of state and non-state stakeholders in global governance for peace activities.
Mr. Masakuni TANIMOTO opened the Tokyo Peacebuilding Forum 2019. He then asked the participants to join him in paying tribute to Madame Sadako OGATA who had passed away. He then showed two video messages received from Nobel Peace Prize Winner President Jose Ramos-Horta and Mr. Domenec DeVessa of Spain, member of the European Parliament.
In the Thematic Session 3, under the chairmanship of Ambassador Takahiro SHINYO, Dr. Shahr-Yar Mahmoud Sharei, Executive Director of the Center for UN Constitutional Research (CUNCR) will discuss the San Francisco Promise and Article 109 for the UN Charter view, while Professor Zhang Guihong, Director of Center for UN Studies at Fudan University in Shanghai will call for replacement of the Trusteeship Council by the Human Rights Council and Professor Vesselin Popovski of Jindal University in India will propose upgrading of the Peacebuilding Commission.
In his video message to the Tokyo Peacebuilding Forum, Former President and Nobel Prize Laureate José Ramos-Horta will review the global political and security situation. German Ambassador Ina LEPEL and French Ambassador Laurent PIC will present their perspectives on the prospect for peacebuilding and global governance in this turbulent world. After the keynote speeches, former UN Under-Secretary-General Yasushi AKASHI and former Japanese Ambassador to the United Nations Takahiro SHINYO will provide their views. In the afternoon, the participants of the Forum from not only Japan but other countries will discuss several issues of relevance to peacebuilding and global governance. Please see here the full program.